Abraham Lincoln Biography
Abraham Lincoln Biography – The man who made history in real words known as Abraham Lincoln was born on 12 February 1809. He belonged to a modest family. His family was not that strong in respect to wealth fame as most the people could imagine about. His parents belonged to Virginia. In the earlier days of his life, his mother left the world and him. After his mother was passed away, his father moved to Indiana. Keeping in the heart a keen interest for studies and a strong thirst of knowledge he worked hard. He worked even as a common laborer, sometimes splitting logs and other hard jobs of such types. Because he very strongly motivated by his thirst of knowledge. This strong motivation enabled him to be a famous lawyer who worked for eight years in Illinois Court Circuit.
He gained a very big reputation in the result of his work over there. Honesty was another strong factor after hard work for him. Due to this factor of honesty, he got the title of “Honest Abe”. He became an iconic figure in the whole Illinois Court Circuit. He always had a good and positive attitude. He knew the good ways to minimize conflicts and he always advised his neighbors to do the same. Having a good sense of humor he said as;
“If I were two-faced, would I be wearing this one?”(Lincoln, 1863)
His sense of humor and optimistic view of human nature was always noted by his friends and his colleagues. They always praised his ability to tackle all matters with his optimistic approach. He used to tell different stories to elaborate on a particular situation. This is a common saying that words spoken from the heart are listened by heart and this was his basic approach to communicate and make others understand his view.
Biography Abraham Lincoln
We cannot say Abraham Lincoln as a shy or introvert personality. But in the case of women he always remained shy of women. However, having this hurdle was not proved as a permanent hurdle for him and he married Mary Todd in 1842. His life with Mary proved very happy and Mary told a lot of unexplored characteristics of Lincoln. After their marriage, they had four children and only one of them was able to get the age of maturity. Three others were died before gaining the age of maturity and this hardship was proved very painful for both of them.
Because of his ability of quick thinking his interest motivated Lincoln to stand for any public office and this made him got elected for the House of Representatives for Illinois in 1847. He served in this public office for two years till 1849. After he joined Congress, his view came of the scene. He criticized President Folk’s approach to managing the American-Mexican war. He argued that president Polk was using nationalism and martial glory to defend the unfair deed of taking Mexican land. His argument didn’t have popularity and his fame was affected in those days. That resulted that he was not re-elected as his political stance was negatively affected.
Abraham Lincoln History
When his political career appeared to be over he again started working as a lawyer in Illinois. During this the slavery question re-emerged in 1850s as an important disruptive public issue. He got a new cause for his political activation and from his political perspective he worked for stopping the slavery to extend. His influential speeches played a vital role in proving him as inspirational personality. He attracted many Americans and conveyed his message to all of his fans to help him in stopping the extension of slavery. Lincoln said;
“We hold these truths to be self-evident: That all men are created equal”
He was also popular because of his ability to understand other. He always tried to see a problem from everybody’s perspective. His all speeches were basing on his this ability. That’s why he always spoke the voice of the public. This thing again made other to realize his worth for them. In all his speeches empathy remained the main factor. As he said; “I have always thought that all men should be free; but if any should be slaves, it should be first those who desire it for themselves, and secondly, those who desire it for others. When I hear anyone arguing for slavery, I feel a strong impulse to see it tried on him personally.”
Lincoln’s speeches became the centre of attraction for all the public due to being based on legal precedents and easy to understand. His popularity encouraged him to be nominated as republican candidate for the senate in 1958. In 1958, during his campaign he involved himself in high-profile debates. Most of his debates were against slavery and with people who were supporting slavery. Stephen Douglass was one of them who were supporting slavery. During the campaign one of his worthiest and history making speech was made by him saying;
“A house divided against it cannot stand. I believe this government cannot endure, permanently, half slave and half free. I do not expect the Union to be dissolved — I do not expect the house to fall — but I do expect it will cease to be divided. It will become all one thing or all the other.”(House Divided)
This stance of him became the cause of his defeat in senate election of 1858. Although he lost the election but his debating skills made him popular in Republican Party. When he was invited at Cooper Union, New York city, he gave a notable speech over there. His audiences of east coast were impressed by him in a very strong way. However, some people from east coast also considered his appearance as awkward and ugly. But because of his abilities he was able to catch many of the audiences from there.
“Let us have faith that right makes might, and in that faith, let us, to the end, dare to do our duty as we understand it.” (Lincoln, Cooper Union Address)
As the campaign continued along with his extraordinary speech and debating skills he touched the heights of fame and started becoming popular. Because of popularity he appeared as Republican’s nominee for the election of president in 1860. Because he was not local so his competition was with some local leading personalities. However, he was outsider he finally won the election of president in 1860. His journey to be elected as president of United States of America was completed now. He was the first president elected from the Republican Party. Later on, he gained support from north and west of the country as well. But south of the country was still against his stance about slavery. So, south part didn’t give him a prominent support.
Because of Lincoln’s presidential election of 1861 the southern part was separated from the north. The southern independence movement was growing day by day in many previous years. Southern people took slavery stance as a last resort. However, Lincoln also opposed this. This was the reason for American civil war.
Abraham Lincoln Biography
On this sensitive moment it was hard to make quick political decisions for Lincoln. His new political approach appeared during this as he included members from the rival parties to his cabinet. Here at this spot of time his willingness to work with people of different political approach was seen. Generally, this point adds to political maturity. However, this was a surprise for many people.
Civil war of America proved very costly. Many the people left supporting Lincoln. His popularity was decreasing however, Lincoln’s ability to work with people of different political approach helped him to keep the country under control and he successfully avoided the breakdown of the country. For this purpose he promoted General Ulysses S. Grant as the commander of northern forces.
Basically, the war was for the secession of the southern areas and for the endurance of Union. Lincoln ever more made the concern of finishing slavery dominance as the war progressed.
Finally, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation declaring the freedom of slaves within the territory on September 22, 1862. His words were;
“… all persons held as slaves within any State or designated part of a State, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free” (Emancipation Proclamation)
The proclamation was legally implemented on 1st of January, 1863. Union army got a prominent support from black regiments by end of the year.
Subsequent to a difficult opening two years by 1863, the wave of war started to roll in favor of the Union forces supported by the victory at the Battle of Gettysburg in July 1863. Lincoln was able to redefine the objectives of the civil war to take in the conclusion of slavery.
In the ceremonial at Gettysburg on November 19, 1863, Lincoln said these words:
“Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. …that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain — that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom — and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.” (Lincoln, Gettysburg Address, 1863)
Ultimately, subsequent to four years of abrasion, the Federal forces secured the surrender of the conquered south. The Union had been saved and the concern of slavery had been resolved.
After the Civil War
In the result of the civil war, Lincoln wanted to bring back together the country – offering a munificent defrayal to the south. When Lincoln was asked how to deal with the southern part of country, Lincoln answered as “Let them up easy”. Lincoln was confronted by more deep-seated factions who always needed greater activism in the south to guarantee civil rights for newly freed slaves.
On 31 January 1865, he helped pass a bill through Congress to forbid slavery. United States constitution got 13th amendment here which was officially signed on December 6, 1865.
Some of northern abolitionists and Republicans wanted Lincoln to go ahead and apply full ethnic impartiality on matters of literacy and voting power. He was not ready to do this (it was a minority opinionated vision for that time) Frederick Douglass, a chief black activist (who had run away from slavery) didn’t always agree with the strategies of Lincoln but after meeting him, he said passionately of the President.
“He took care of me as a man; he didn’t allow me to feel for a second that there was any dissimilarity in the color of our skins! The President is an extraordinary man. I am too pleased now that he is doing all that situations we’ll permit him to do.”
Abraham Lincoln Death:
After five days to capitulation of Robert E. Lee and the Confederate Army, Lincoln was murdered by John Wilkes Booth as he was visiting Ford’s Theatre. Lincoln’s assassination was broadly grieved across the nation.
Lincoln is broadly considered as one of the America’s most high-ranking, powerful, influential and important presidents. Also saving the Union and encouraging Republican standards, Lincoln was considered as symbolizing the standards of honesty and integrity.
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