Louis Pasteur

Louis Pasteur Biography, Inventions & Pasteur Institute


Louis Pasteur Biography

Louis Pasteur Inventions: Louis Pasteur (1822-1895) was a French chemist and microbiologist who developed antidotes and remedies for many dangerous diseases such as anthrax and rabies. He has also successfully invented a way to pasteurize milk and protect against tuberculosis. Pasteur also illustrated how germs grew out of contamination and refuted the theory of spontaneous contamination.

Louis Pasteur Biography
Louis Pasteur

Louis Pasteur is a French chemist and microbiologist and he was born on December 27, 1822, in Dole, located in the Jura region of France. He was a conscientious and diligent student but was not considered exceptional. One of Louis’ professors called him “mediocre.” He received his doctorate degree in 1847 and after gaining a job in Strasbourg, Lille, and Paris, spent much time researching aspects of chemistry. An important discovery in the context of tartrate acid research showing the crystals contained a reflection of right and left-handed isomers.

Louis Pasteur Discoveries

His most important discoveries were in the area of the germination study. He showed that germs needed certain microorganisms for development; With this knowledge, he noted that the fermentation of yeast could be delayed. Louis Pasteur then turned to practical methods for killing bacteria in liquids such as milk. His pasteurization process has successfully killed bacteria in milk without destroying milk protein. This was a radical discovery and made sure to drink milk. The pasteurization process was named after him, and he saved many lives. Louis Pasteur was a big fan of hard work, never content to rest on his laurels, he continued to work very hard in his lab to develop more remedies. He said in a council to other scientists:

“An individual who gets used to hard work can thereafter never live without it. Work is the foundation of everything in this world.”


In the 1870s, Louis was looking for a cure for anthrax – a disease that primarily affects cattle. First, he found that anthrax was much more likely if farmers buried dead sheep with the disease on fields. Pasteur was able to advise farmers not to bury dead animals in areas where cattle may graze in the future. In 1881, he performed an experiment to implement his vaccine for anthrax, which was successful. Last year, in 1880, the veterinarian Jean-Joseph-Henri Toussaint used carboxylic acid to kill anthrax bacteria. Pasteur used a similar method, but his greater fame gave him most of the credit and commercial demand.

In Louis Pasteur Biography the achievement of a successful cure for anthrax encouraged Pasteur to develop a cure for rabies a very common disease at the time. With similar principles, he developed a weakened burden of the disease. Tests on animals affected by rabies were successful; He was not ready to test for fear that it would not work. At one point, he considered testing himself – submittingTurning yourself into rabies and then trying its cure. Before he could implement his scheme, however, he was brought a small boy, who had been bitten 14 times by a rabid dog. His parents agreed to try out the uncertain new technique. His treatment was a success and the news of the treatment soon spread. Above 350 people came to Louis Pasteur for the cure. Louis and his research team worked around the clock to save the people who had contracted rabies. There was only one failure of a ten-year-old girl Louis Pelletier. Louis knew the ease of stewing had gone too far when she came, but he tried anyway. The girl died in his arms, with tears in her eyes, said the great scientist to her parents.

“I did so wish I could have saved your little one.”

Louis Pasteur Biography
Louis Pasteur

Pasteur Institute

In 1888 Louis Pasteur friends and supporters funded an institute for rabies’s treatment. Louis Pasteur Biography was successfully championed better research facilities for scientists. His plea for more funding was heard by Napoleon III. Louis Pasteur argued that:

“Physicists and chemists without laboratories are like soldiers without arms on the battlefield.”

 “I should like to be younger, so as to devote myself with new ardour to the study of new diseases.”

Louis’s had great faith in the good nature of man. He worked tirelessly to bring real benefits to the treatment of infectious diseases. More than any other person, Louis Pasteur helped increase average life expectancy in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Louis Pasteur died on September 28, 1895aged 73. On his last day he remarked:

Louis Pasteur Death
Louis Pasteur

Achievements of Louis Pasteur

  • The procedure of Pasteurization making milk safe to drink
  • Treatment for Rabies
  • Treatment for anthrax
  • Louis ideas were used by future scientists such as Valley Radot, Frankland, Emile Duclaux, Descours and Holmes in developing vaccines for sicknesses such as diphtheria, typhus, cholera, yellow fever and different strains of plague.


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